Upton Sinclair

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Upton Sinclair var en amerikansk författare, Muckraker och socialist. Född 1878 i Baltimore, Maryland, USA och dog 1968. Förädlarna var fattiga med aristokratbakgrund och Upton växte delvis upp med sina rika släktingar. Hans insikt i både överflödets och fattigdomens värld sägs ha bidragit till hans socialistiska övertygelse.

Han finansierade sina Collegestudier i New York genom att skriva artiklar och reportage till tidningar. Försörjde sig också senare på sitt skrivande. Skrev ofta med socialt patos och för att blottlägga samhällets svarta sidor.

Sinclair kandiderade i flera val både som socialist (senaten och repressentanthuset på 1920-talet) och demokrat (guvernör 1934). Sitt demokrat-haveri förklarar han senare som "The American People will take Socialism, but they won't take the label. I certainly proved it in the case of EPIC. Running on the Socialist ticket I got 60,000 votes, and running on the slogan to 'End Poverty in California' I got 879,000."

Kanske mest känd för sitt skildring av köttindustrin och kapitalismen i romanen Vildmarken.

Filmen There will be blood bygger på hans roman Oil!.

Verk

  1. Courtmartialed - 1898
  2. Saved By the Enemy - 1898
  3. The Fighting Squadron - 1898
  4. A Prisoner of Morro - 1898
  5. A Soldier Monk - 1898
  6. A Gauntlet of Fire - 1899
  7. Holding the Fort (story) - 1899
  8. A Soldier's Pledge - 1899
  9. Wolves of the Navy - 1899
  10. Springtime and Harvest - 1901
  11. The Journal of Arthur Stirling - 1903
  12. Off For West Point - 1903
  13. From Port to Port - 1903
  14. On Guard - 1903
  15. A Strange Cruise - 1903
  16. The West Point Rivals - 1903
  17. A West Point Treasure - 1903
  18. A Cadet's Honor - 1903
  19. Cliff, the Naval Cadet - 1903
  20. The Cruise of the Training Ship - 1903
  21. Prince Hagan - 1903
  22. Manassas - 1904
  23. A Captain of Industry - 1906
  24. Vildmarken - 1906
  25. The Millennium (drama) - 1907
  26. The Overman - 1907
  27. The Industrial Republic - 1907
  28. The Metropolis - 1908
  29. The Money Changers - 1908
  30. Samuel The Seeker - 1909
  31. Good Health and How We Won It - 1909
  32. Loves Pilgrimage - 1911
  33. The Fasting Cure - 1911
  34. The Machine (novel) - 1911
  35. Damaged Goods - 1913
  36. Sylvia - 1913
  37. The Pot Boiler - 1913 (Blue book series)
  38. Sylvia's Marriage - 1915
  39. The Cry for Justice - 1915
  40. King Coal - 1917
  41. The Profits of Religion - 1917
  42. The Goslins - 1918
  43. Jimmie Higgins - 1919
  44. The Brass Check - 1919
  45. Debs and the Poets - 1920
  46. 100% - The Story of a Patriot - 1920
  47. The Spy - 1920
  48. The Book of Life - 1921
  49. The McNeal-Sinclair Debate on Socialism - 1921
  50. They Call Me Carpenter - 1922
  51. The Goose-step: A Study of American Education - 1923
  52. Hell - 1923
  53. The Millennium (novel) - 1924
  54. The Goslings - 1924
  55. Singing Jailbirds (play in four acts) - 1924
  56. Bill Porter - 1925
  57. Mammonart - 1925
  58. Letters to Judd - 1925
  59. Spokesman's Secretary - 1926
  60. Money Writes! - 1927
  61. Oil! - 1927
  62. Boston, volume 1 - 1928
  63. Boston, volume 2 - 1928
  64. Mountain City - 1930
  65. Mental Radio - 1930
  66. Roman Holiday - 1931
  67. The Wet Parade - 1931
  68. American Outpost - 1933
  69. The Way Out - 1933
  70. Upton Sinclair presents William Fox - 1933
  71. Immediate Epic - 1933
  72. We, People of America - 1933
  73. The Epic Plan for California - 1934
  74. I, Governor of California - 1934
  75. The Lie Factory Starts - 1934
  76. Epic Answers - 1934
  77. The Book of Love - 1934
  78. I, Candidate For Governor: And How I Got Licked - 1935
  79. Depression Island - 1935
  80. Co-op: a Novel of Living Together - 1936
  81. What God Means to Me - 1936
  82. No Pasaran!: A Novel of the Battle of Madrid - 1937
  83. The Gnomobile- 1937
  84. Bilkungen - The Flivver King - 1937
  85. Damaged Goods (based on a Eugène Brieux play); basis for 1937 movie
  86. Little Steel - 1938
  87. Our Lady - 1938
  88. Letters to a Millionaire - 1939
  89. Expect No Peace - 1939
  90. Marie Antoinette - 1939
  91. Telling The World - 1939
  92. Your Million Dollars - 1939
  93. World's End - 1940
  94. Between Two Worlds - 1941
  95. Dragon's Teeth - 1942
  96. Wide Is the Gate - 1943
  97. The Presidential Agent - 1944
  98. Dragon Harvest - 1945
  99. A World to Win - 1946
  100. A Presidential Mission - 1947
  101. A Giant's Strength - 1948
  102. Limbo on the Loose - 1948
  103. One Clear Call - 1948
  104. O Shepherd, Speak! - 1949
  105. Another Pamela - 1950
  106. The Enemy Had It Too - 1950
  107. Schenk Stefan! - 1951
  108. A Personal Jesus - 1952
  109. The Return of Lanny Budd - 1953
  110. The Cup of Fury - 1956
  111. What Didymus Did - UK 1954 / It Happened to Didymus - US 1958
  112. Theirs be the Guilt - 1959
  113. My Lifetime in Letters - 1960
  114. Affectionately Eve - 1961
  115. The Autobiography of Upton Sinclair - 1962, assisted by Maeve Elizabeth Flynn III
  116. The Naturewoman - date unknown, Blue Book series
  117. The Second-Storey Man -date unkn